Elizabeth Holmes

Holmes in 2014 Elizabeth Anne Holmes (born February 3, 1984) is an American former biotechnology entrepreneur who, in 2022, was convicted of fraud in connection to her blood-testing company, Theranos. The company's valuation soared after it claimed to have revolutionized blood testing by developing methods that needed only very small volumes of blood, such as from a fingerprick. In 2015, ''Forbes'' had named Holmes the youngest and wealthiest self-made female billionaire in the United States on the basis of a $9-billion valuation of her company. In the following year, as revelations of potential fraud about Theranos's claims began to surface, ''Forbes'' revised its estimate of Holmes's net worth to zero, and ''Fortune'' named her in its feature article on "The World's 19 Most Disappointing Leaders".

The decline of Theranos began in 2015, when a series of journalistic and regulatory investigations revealed doubts about the company's claims and whether Holmes had misled investors and the government. In 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) charged Theranos, Holmes, and former Theranos chief operating officer (COO) Ramesh "Sunny" Balwani with raising $700 million from investors through a "massive fraud" involving false or exaggerated claims about the accuracy of the company's blood-testing technology; Holmes settled the charges by paying a $500,000 fine, returning 18.9 million shares to the company, relinquishing her voting control of Theranos, and accepting a ten-year ban from serving as an officer or director of a public company.

In June 2018, a federal grand jury indicted Holmes and Balwani on fraud charges. Her trial in the case of ''U.S. v. Holmes, et al.'' ended in January 2022 when Holmes was convicted of defrauding investors, and acquitted of defrauding patients. She was sentenced to serve years in prison, beginning on May 30, 2023. She and Balwani were fined $452 million to be paid to the victims of the fraud.

The credibility of Theranos was attributed in part to Holmes's personal connections and ability to recruit the support of influential people, including Henry Kissinger, George Shultz, Jim Mattis, and Betsy DeVos, all of whom had served or would go on to serve as U.S. presidential cabinet officials. Holmes was in a clandestine romantic relationship with Balwani during most of Theranos's history. Following the collapse of Theranos, she started dating hotel heir Billy Evans, with whom she has two children.

Theranos and Holmes's career are the subject of a book, ''Bad Blood: Secrets and Lies in a Silicon Valley Startup'' (2018), by ''The Wall Street Journal'' reporter John Carreyrou; an HBO documentary film, ''The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley'' (2019); a true crime podcast, ''The Dropout;'' and a Hulu miniseries based on the podcast, ''The Dropout'' (2022). Provided by Wikipedia
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    by Holmes, Elizabeth, 1980-
    Published 2020
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